Agricultural Soil and Water Conservation Method Example Atlas(農地水土保持方法實例圖冊-英文版)

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Agricultural Soil and Water Conservation Method Example Atlas(農地水土保持方法實例圖冊-英文版)

  • 編/著/譯者 / 林信輝,宋國彰
  • 出版機關 / 行政院農業委員會水土保持局
  • 出版日期 / 2017-11
  • 主題分類 / 農業環保
  • 施政分類 / 農業
  • ISBN / 9789860543995
  • GPN / 1010602226
  • 頁數/張數/片數 / 161
  • 裝訂 / 平裝
  • 定價 / NT$ 300
  • 9 折優惠價 / NT$ 270
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簡介

本書彙整農地水土保持相關技術與過去數十年來的發展成果,將農地整體開發時應考量之排水系統、道路系統、土砂控制等系統規劃,以及不同農地水土保持工法之目的、適用範圍、類型設計與作業要點等,以圖文簡明易懂方式呈現,以供相關工作人員參考應用,並作為國際交流之題材,進而可將技術外銷國外,以提昇臺灣之國際能見度。


目次

1.Foreword 1
2.Issues of Soil and Water Conservation on Sloped farmlands 2
(1)Erosion and Soil Loss 2
(2)Decline in Soil Productivity 3
(3)Reduction of Soil Microorganisms 3
(4)Conservation Issues of Water Resources 3
3.Purposes of Soil and Water Conservation on farmlands 4
(1)Rational Land Use 4
(2)Soil Improvement 5
(3)Surface Runoff Control 5
(4)Improving Water Quality and Increasing Water Quantity 6
(5)Groundcover and Vegetation Cultivation 6
(6)Site-Adaptive Soil and Water Conservation Methods 7
4.A Brief history of Agricultural Soil and Water Conservation Promotion in Taiwan 8
5.Planning Processes and tasks for Agricultural Soil and Water Conservation 13
II Planning of Soil and Water Conservation
1.Planning Basis for Agricultural Land and Water Conservation 14
(1)Classification Standards for Permissible Slopeland Use 14
(2)Condition of Site 16
(3)Considerations of Land Use Types 20
2.Planning of Agricultural Soil and Water Conservation System. 21
(1)Access Road System 21
(2)Irrigation System 26
(3)Drainage System 30
3.Staple Crops and Soil and Water Conservation Methods on farmlands in Taiwan 46
(1)Crop Types and Soil and Water Conservation Methods on Slopelands 46
(2)Main Methods for Soil and Water Conservation on Farmlands 47
III. Methods and Theories of Soil and Water Conservation in Agricultural Land
1.Covering works by plant materials 50
2.2.Mulching 55
3.Hillside Ditches 58
4.Bench Terraces 64
5.Contour Cultivation 71
6.Green Manure 73
7.Grass Barriers 79
8.Sedimentation Pond for Farming Land 81
9.Grass Waterway 84
10.Farming Ponds 87
11.Drainage Structures 91
12.Stone Walls 98
13.Windbreaks for Slope land 100
14.Vegetation Buffer Strip 103
15.Other farmland slope protection facility 107
(1)Staking and Wattling 107
(2)Soil-Tire-VegetationMethod 109
(3)Slopeland Protection by Soil Bag 110
(4)Masonry Retaining Wall 111
IV. Cover plants for farmland

1.Main farmland soil & water conservation mulching grasses 112
2.Mulching grass application description 114
(1)Bahia grass A44(large leaf strain, A44 strain) 114
(2)Bahia grass (small leaf strain, A33 strain) 116
(3)Centipede Grass, Lazy-man’s grass 118
(4)Bermuda Grass 120
(5)Carpet grass 122
(6)Carpet grass 124
(7)Korean velvet grass (Taipei grass species ) 126
(8)Annual ryegrass(bearded ryegrass) 128
(9)Orchard grass 130
(10)Sour grass 131
3.Description of green manure plants application 133
(1)Tainan No.7 Soybean green manure 133
(2)Perennial peanut 136
(3)Sum hemp 139
(4)Lupine (Lupin) 141
(5)Vetch 143
(6)Blue soybean 145
(7)Egyptian Clover 147
Drawing List
Figure 1-1 Cultivated Crop Planting is Subject to Soil Loss 2
Figure 1-2 Fruit Trees Planting on Steep Slopes is Subject to Soil Erosion 5
Figure 1-3 Photos of Conservation and Utilization of Agricultural Lands in Early Years 11
Figure 1-4 Photos of Soil Erosion Test and Interpretation 12
Figure 1-5 Planning Process and tasks of Agricultural Soil and Water Conservation 13
Figure 2-1 Assessment and Identification Results Legend Based on Classification Standards for Permissible Land Use 18
Figure 2-2 Land Grading Diagram Based on Classification Standards for Permissible Slopeland Use 19
Figure 2-3 Schematic Diagram of Testudinate Access Road System (Including Access Road, Ringed road and Farm Path) 24
Figure 2-4 Configuration Schematic Diagram and Photographs of the Park Access Road System 25
Figure 2-5 Photos Related to Access Road System 26
Figure 2-6 Irrigation System Configuration Diagram for Slopelands 27
Figure 2-7 Photos of Commonly Seen Farmland Irrigation Systems on Slopelands 29
Figure 2-8 Lend Related to Drainage System 32
Figure 2-9 Photo Illustrations of Drainage Facility 38
Figure 2-10 Photos of Check Dam Construction Examples 45


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